ABOUT ZERO FATALITY CORRIDOR
Why Zero Fatality Corridor Project?
According to Government of India data in the year 2015, highways including expressways constituted 2 per cent of the total road network but accounted for a share of 29.6 percent of all road crashes and 34.5 percent of the total number of persons killed, in addition to accounting for 40 per cent of the total traffic carried on Indian roads.
According to data collected from the Maharashtra Highway Police from 2011 to 2015, there have been 941 recorded road crashes on the MPEW which resulted in 641 fatalities and 1,098 injuries (926 serious and 172 minor injuries). Between 2011 and 2014 the number of road crash fatalities on the MPEW increased by 20 per cent. MPEW's annual average of over 2.5 fatalities per two kilometres of road is higher than the national average of 1 death in every two kilometres for National Highways, making it one of the most dangerous roads in the country.
About the Zero Fatality Corridor Project
The objective of the ZFC initiative is to make the Mumbai-Pune Expressway (MPEW) a model highway for road safety by reducing the number of road crash fatalities on the MPEW from an annual average of 135 to 0 by the year 2021. SLF has delivered an astounding 43% reduction in fatalities on the Mumbai-Pune Expressway through a combination of measures ranging from improved road engineering to technology-driven traffic enforcement to optimised trauma response – the Zero Fatality Corridor (ZFC) model. SLF’s current efforts are aimed at replicating the model on other highways in order to convince the Indian government to adopt the solution at scale. The following approach is adopted to implement the Zero Fatality Corridor project.
- Coalition Building:- We partner directly with local, state and national governments in India to improve road safety. Since there are multiple entities who take care of the disparate aspects of road safety, we strive to build an effective coalition which works individually, collectively and collaboratively to reduce fatalities on the adopted stretch of road.
- Evidence based approach:- We use existing government road crash data, and use the evidence to target the most crash-prone zones.
- On Site Audit:- We visit these roads, conduct forensic crash investigations ( that we now train police officials to do), and complete audits to diagnose the core safety issues.
- Solution Determination:- Basis our findings, we recommend a mix of interventions basis the “4 E’s of Road Safety”, namely Engineering, Enforcement, Emergency Care, and Education
- Solution Deployment:- We then work with government partners to ensure coordinated implementation, management and institutionalization of the “Four E’s” to bring about a reduction in fatal road crashes, bringing preventable road crash fatalities down to Zero.
- Measurement & Replication:- We measure the outcome of the solution, the best impact indicator being reduction in road crash deaths on the target road. We constantly seek to improve the solution and institutionalise the learnings into best practices to replicate the approach at scale.
Zero Fatality Corridor: Impact
Prior to the start of the project the MPEW recorded 151 road crash deaths in 2016. In the calendar year 2019, a total of 86 road crash deaths were recorded on the MPEW, a 43% decrease compared to the 2016 baseline. The crash severity in 2019, reduced to 25 % from a corresponding high of 54 % in 2016 (Crash severity is defined as a ratio of fatalities against total crashes). While the average monthly vehicles plying on the MPEW increased from 3.59 million in 2016 to 4.24 Million in 2019, the average monthly fatalities per million vehicles fell from 3.50 to 1.69 in the corresponding period.
The following interventions have been undertaken in the ZFC project
Implement Safe System Approach to reduce infrastructural contributions to road crashes and fatalities
Implement a Safe System Approach to road engineering and design by retro-fitting counter-measures to minimize the contribution of infrastructure factors to road crashes.
2. EMERGENCY CARE
Building a “Chain of Survival” by improving the quality and speed of care at each stage of the victim’s journey is an important objective of the Zero Fatality Corridor Project. In order to improve the quality and speed of emergency care provided to injured road crash victims SaveLIFE Foundation works with stakeholders to optimise ambulatory care through efficient data analysis and better protocols. Five 108 Ambulances have been placed on the Expressway for effective trauma response.
Improve the quality and speed of emergency care provided to injured road crash victims by developing a “Chain of survival” including interventions in on-ground care, ambulatory care, and in-hospital care.
Strengthening enforcement using technology and proven best practices is at the centre of all the work that SLF does.
The objective of technology driven enforcement has been to influence road user behaviour and make road users avoid risk-prone behaviour such as speeding, lane cutting, not wearing a seatbelt, driving in the wrong lane, wrong side driving etc.
Engagement is aimed at inducing positive behaviour change, targeting risk-prone human factors. This is achieved through various engagement/awareness ‘campaigns’ involving the stakeholder ecosystem of the Expressway. Engagement activities discourage risk-prone road user behaviour and encourage commuters to adopt safe practices.
Address risk-prone road user behaviour and encourage commuters to adopt safer practices